HOME INSPECTION GLOSSARY
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Devices designed and installed to protect systems and components from excessively high or low pressures and temperatures, excessive electrical current, loss of water, loss of ignition, fuel leaks, fire, freezing, or unsafe conditions.
CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING
A system which uses ducts to distribute cooled and/or dehumidified air to more than one room or uses pipes to distribute chilled water to heat exchangers in more than one room, and which is not plugged into an electrical convenience outlet
Airedale accessible and observable aspect of a system, such as a floor, or a wall, but not individual pieces such as boards or nails where many similar pieces make up the component
Any physical connection or arrangement between potable water and any source of contamination
DANGEROUS OR ADVERSE SITUATIONS
Situations which pose a threat of injury to the inspector, or those situations which require the use of special protective clothing or safety equipment
Report in writing a system or component by its type, or other observed characteristics, to distinguish it from other components used for the same purpose
To take apart or remove any component, devise or pieces of equipment that is bolted. screwed, or fastened by other means and that would not be dismantled by a homeowner in the course of normal household maintenance
To go into a area to observe all visible components
A drain is functional when it empties in a reasonable amount of time and does not overflow when another fixture is drained simultaneously
A reasonable flow at the highest fixture in a dwelling when another fixture is operated simultaneously
Attached or connected such that the installed item requires tools for removal
NORMAL OPERATING CONTROLS
Homeowner operated devices such as a thermostat, wall switch, or safety switch.
The act of making a visual examination.
ON-SITE WATER SUPPLY QUALITY
Water quality is based on the bacterial, chemical, mineral, and solids content of the water.
ON-SITE WATER SUPPLY QUANITY
Water quantity is the rate of flow of water.
To cause systems or equipment to function.
READILY OPENABLE ACCESS PANEL
A panel provided for homeowner inspection and maintenance which has removable or operable fasteners or latch devices in order to be lifted off, swung open, or otherwise removed by one person, and its edges and fasteners are not painted in place. Limited to those panels with in normal reach or from 4-foot stepladder, and which are not blocked by stored items, furniture, or building components.
For multiple identical components such as windows and electrical outlets - one such component per room. For multiple identical exterior components - one such component on each side of the building.
ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
Gutters, downspouts, leaders, splashblocks, and similar components used to carry water off the roof and away from the building.
A piece of equipment or a system is shut down when it cannot be operated by the device or control which a home owner should normally use to operate it. If its safety switch or breaker is in the off position, or its fuse is missing or blown, the inspector is not required to reestablish the circuit for the purpose of operating the equipment or systems.
SOLID FUEL HEATING DEVICE
Any wood, coal, or other similar organic fuel burning device, including but not limited to fireplaces whether masonry or factory built, fireplace inserts and stoves, wood stoves, room heaters, central furnaces, and combinations of these devices.
A component which supports non-variable forces or weights ( dead loads ) and variable forces or weights ( live loads ).
A combination of interacting or interdependent components, assembled to carry out one or more functions.
An inspection is technically exhaustive when it involves the extensive use of measurements, instruments, testing, calculations, and other means to develop scientific or engineering findings, conclusions, and recommendations.
The area within the confines of the foundation and between the ground and the underside of the lowest floor structural component.